Whorls, Night Eyes, Body Markings, Scars

THIS SECTION IS PART OF THE RULES AND REGULATION, SECTION 6

Thanking and grateful for permission to use from The Jockey Club

Explanation on the Whorls, Night Eyes, Body Markings including brands, freeze brand, and scars as required in the above rule. Please use with REGISTRATION APPLICATION MARKINGS FOR for certificate of registration, duplicate certificate, export, import.

All horses will generally have at least one head (face) cowlick and two neck cowlicks (along the crest of the neck on each side). Also, horses will often have cowlicks at the throatlatch, along the front of the neck, on the jowl, and/or in the jugular groove.

BE AWARE IF THERE ARE NO WHITE MARKINGS ON THE HORSE, WHORLS ARE REQUIRED. NIGHT EYES MAY BE REQUIRED AS WELL ON GREYS, ROANS AND THOSE WHITE IN COLOR. DON’T FORGET THE PHOTOS BECAUSE THESE PHOTOS DETERMINE THE WHORL AND ITS LOCATION.

Do the whorls AFTER determining the head markings for registration.

Whorls at or near eye level should be described in relation to the eye level:
above eye level, or
top of eye level, or
eye level, or
bottom of eye level, and
below eye level.
Describe in relation to the midline – draw an imaginary line down the middle of the head from the top of the poll to the nose:
left of midline, or
right of midline, and
“median”

A cowlick is the center of a hair whorl. They are permanent and cannot be brushed away or clipped out. Cowlicks on the head and neck area are a very useful means of identification and should be described on all horses. Any photos of the face should show the location, shape, and/or outline of the cowlick(s) as much as possible.

There is at least one cowlick in the forehead, not counting the one at the foretop. The foretop cowlick is not useful in identification as it has been found that all horses have a cowlick in this area.

Cowlicks at or near eye level should be described in relation to the eye level (above eye level, at top of eye level, at eye level, at bottom of eye level, below eye level) and also in relation to the midline (left of midline, right of midline, or “median” cowlick ). Cowlicks can also be described in relation to white markings found in the head (for example: median cowlick in star; cowlick to left at bottom of star, etc.).

When two or more cowlicks are found in the forehead they should be described as being a double horizontal cowlick, a double diagonal cowlick or a double vertical cowlick. These cowlicks should also be described in terms of their relation to eye level and to the midline.

The presence of a cowlick on the side of the neck near the mane should always be noted. This becomes even more important on solid-colored horses (horses with no white markings). There is at least one cowlick on each side of the neck near the mane. Each neck cowlick should be described in terms of its location on the neck, (behind the poll, high at crest of neck, middle of crest of neck, low at crest of neck), and on which side of the neck they lie (left side, right side, both sides).
Other cowlicks which aid in the identification process can be found at the throat latch, in one or both jugular grooves and on the front of the neck. Sometimes cowlicks feather outward from the point of origin, and the word “feathered” can be used to describe such a cowlick.

Each neck whorl should be described in terms of its location on the neck, behind the poll, high at crest of neck, middle of crest of neck, low at crest of neck and on which side of the neck they lie, left side, right side, both sides.

Whorls never move, cannot be brushed away, and are present from the birth of the foal which often makes whorls (cowlicks) the most important identifying feature. There is at least one whorl (cowlick) in the forehead, not counting the one at the foretop. Foretop being very top point of the head viewed from the front, up near the poll. This foretop is not useful in identification as it has been found all horses have one. DO NOT USE THIS ONE.

Night-eyes
Night-eyes (or chestnuts) are horny, irregular growths found on the inside of the legs. On the fore legs, they are just above the knees and on the hind legs, they are near the rear of the hock. No two horses have been found to have the same set of night-eyes and since they do not change in size and shape throughout the adult life of the horse they are found to be extremely useful in identification. The Registry may ask for a set of night-eye photos to assist in the identification of horses with no white markings or gray/roans/white. These photos should reveal as much detail as safely possible to indicate location, shape, and outline.

NIGHT EYES REQUIRED ON HORSES WITH NO WHITE MARKINGS, GREY, ROAN, and WHITE colored Purebred Arabians
Right foreleg
Left foreleg

BODY MARKINGS, FREEZE BRANDS, BRANDS, SCARS

Body Markings

Brand: Describe Brand, Name the State where the Brand is on File and state the Body Markings Location
BE SURE your photos are clear and show which body part of the horse is affected in the Body Markings Location

Freeze Brand will need to be checked on the Body Markings Section. Since one side of the neck is used there is no requirement on which body part is used or any other details.

Scars: Treat the same way as a Brand
Be Sure to check which side, Right or Left, of the horse has the body markings with the exception of the Freeze Brand.

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