Questions Answered

Registration, Transfers, Health Panel Testing, Microchip & Freeze Branding

REGISTERING

Why should I register my Purebred Arabian?
Not only is the value of a registered horse much greater than an unregistered grade horse, the registration itself preserves the lines of the breed. Future owners can breed and register the foals. A horse’s registration papers provide a history of the horse’s ownership and the breeder. The recorded pedigree also helps to understand the horse’s heritable traits when breeding.

What does “bundle” mean? Bundle is to gather together all the forms which are necessary for the action requested of the Registry and for all the forms to be sent at the same time, ie one after another.

What does MANUAL mean? A PDF has been created for Members to download, complete, scan and send electronically to the Registry.

Why does the foal have to be registered in someone else’s name and then transferred to me if I am the first registered owner?
While you may be paying to register the foal, only the owner of the dam at the time of foaling must sign the registration application. A registration application requires the person submitting the application to certify certain details about the foal. The Rules require the person who owned the mare at the time of foaling to complete the registration application regardless of who is paying for the registration, and naming the foal is part of the registration process.

Having just purchased an unregistered foal, I am going to also pay the foal’s registration fees, Can I select the name for the foal?
As the new owner of the foal, you can ask the person who is signing the registration application to use a name that you choose; however, they are not required to use it. The Rules require the owner of the dam at the time of foaling to be listed as the original owner of the foal; if the foal was owned by someone else before you purchased the foal, even if not registered, the Transfer form section regarding foals must be included with the application for Registration as the rules require all ownership to be recorded.

Can I use a certain prefix on the name of my foal?
USAHR has a provision for farm prefixes. Check the Forms and Fees page in the Member Services section or here in the Registry section.  

What is the difference between an “and” form of ownership and an “or” form of ownership?
A multiple ownership must be recorded in either an “AND” or an “OR” format. An “AND” form of ownership is where BOTH / ALL signatures of the recorded owners are required for ALL transactions. An “OR” form of ownership will allow any ONE signature EXCEPT in cases where a Transfer is occurring and the sole signor is the horse’s new owner. In this case, all other owner(s) must sign. The following are acceptable examples of how ownership could be structured on a horse’s registration papers:
Joe Smith
Joe Smith AND Jill Smith
Joe Smith OR Jill Smith
Joe Smith Arabians Inc.
Not permitted: Joe Smith AND/OR Jill Smith

Can I register the horse in the ownership of a farm or company?
Farm names, corporations or organizational names will be accepted but an Owner Authorization form must be completed and returned to the USAHR office before the transfer will be completed.

ANY QUESTIONS ON HOW TO REGISTER OWNERSHIP BE SURE TO CONTACT THE USAHR OFFICE BEFORE SUBMITTING THE REGISTRATION APPLICATION OR THE TRANSFER DOCUMENT.

But what if you don’t have your pre-printed Breeders Certificate and foal application?
Provided is a blank registration application available for download. This is the same form, but you have to fill in all the information which would come ready for you in the pre-printed version and mail to the Registry office. Expect a time delay on receiving the Certificate of Registration as the Registry must complete all the information needed from its records which were on the pre-printed foal application.

Is my name choice available?
Check to see on Names available by using the Simple Horse Search under the Records Section.

Does my foal need to be DNA parentage verified or Variant (Genetic) Health Panel tested?
Yes to be registered both parentage verification and the 3 required variant tests are required.

Do I have the proper markings or photos of the foal?
Check the diagrams and detailed descriptions here in this section.
Do I have all the signatures I need to get my foal registered?

PLEASE BE AWARE USAHR CANNOT ANSWER QUESTIONS REGARDING CANADIAN ACTIONS AS THIS IS A FOREIGN COUNTRY. USAHR will and does work with the Canadian people to ensure their purebred Arabian foals/horses continue to maintain their value with registration certificates.

TRANSFERS

USAHR rules require a Transfer of Ownership for Every change of ownership.
For Example, if the Registration Certificate shows the recorded owner a buyer must submit to USAHR a Transfer Form signed by the recorded owner. If the recorded owner is not the same person as listed on the Registration Certificate, a title trail must be established using Transfer Forms (including fees too). The process goes back to the recorded owner showing on the Registration Certificate.

BE SURE TO USE THE SAME NAME AS ON YOUR MEMBERSHIP CARD OR THE COMPUTER PROGRAM BELIEVES THERE IS A NEW MEMBER NOW INVOLVED.

What do I do?
Digital Certificates of Registration are legal documents and USAHR will not knowingly skip ownerships. The buyer information provided on the digital certificate must be completed in the name of the person who bought the horse from the recorded owner. Complete a separate application for transfer of ownership or bill of sale for each additional transfer required. Forms can be obtained from USAHR web site or from the office. All transfer fees must be paid. The original certificate must be mailed with the Transfer form and the fee to the Registry. Digital Certificate Registration stays with the USAHR. The Registry will require a signed Affidavit, notarized, if you mail in and do not include your correct membership name and number. Keeping the records accurate is vital.


I am a USAHR member when I purchased a Purebred Arabian, but the seller of the horse is not, is the transfer fee considered a member fee or a non-member fee?
When a horse is transferred, if either the buyer or seller is a current member with USAHR the transfer will be processed at the member rate.

Can I sign up for a membership and send a transfer application at the same time and still pay member rates?
Yes. Be sure to ask if there any additional fees to be paid by contacting the USAHR office.

Why should I transfer ownership of my Purebred Arabian?
Transferring ownership of your new Purebred Arabian into your name as soon as you purchase it guarantees you will be able to maintain the value of the horse as a registered animal. To transfer a horse, USAHR must have the signature of the seller and the buyer on the Transfer Application. If you delay in filing this application with USAHR, the odds of this signed form becoming lost increase, and locating the seller years after you buy the Purebred Arabian also becomes increasingly difficult if not impossible. Paying the transfer fee now will save you hours of frustration and expense further down the road. It will also make it easier for people who may be interested in your Purebred Arabian to locate you. Send the transfer application to USAHR with the ORIGINAL Registration Certificate and the appropriate fee.

Some areas and some countries state it is the seller’s legal responsibility to supply the buyer with the transferred certificate within six months of the date of sale. If a horse is sold as a purebred registered or registerable horse, the buyer is legally entitled to the certificate at no extra cost. Failure to supply the transferred certificate within six months can result in legal action being taken against the seller by the buyer.

Do not alter or erase the buyer’s information on the back of the original Certificate of Registration. Certificates with altered information should be accompanied by a letter of explanation for the alterations and must be signed by the seller. There is no guarantee the explanation will be accepted nor there will be forthcoming Certificates of Registration.

I sold the horse and can’t find the certificate. Can I transfer ownership at the same time as I request a duplicate certificate?
Yes, you can do both at once. Complete a Duplicate Certificate request form and a separate Application for Transfer of Ownership. All applicable duplicate certificate and transfer fees apply.

DNA Parentage Verification, Health Panel DNA testing and Verification

Why does USAHR do DNA testing?
The purpose of the Registry is to protect the integrity of the purebred Arabian breed. This is done by ensuring the information on every purebred Arabian’s certificate is accurate and correct. DNA typing is the only way to prove conclusively the parentage of any Purebred Arabian. DNA has replaced blood-typing to verify parentage. In cases where the foal’s DNA does not match one or either of the parents, the DNA tests can help identify who the parent is, thus allowing the foal to be registered.

How do I establish a DNA record for my registered stallion or mare?
If you plan to use this horse as a breeding animal, a DNA record must be established for the horse. While the labs have been saving frozen serum from blood samples collected for blood typing since late 1988, since the early 2000’s DNA typing came into existence.

Previous DNA tests done for CA, LFS, SCID, OAAM1, PSSM1, PSSM2 had a copy of the test result paper is/was sent to the owner. The test result includes the lab ID, name of horse, registration number,  test results with the case number and signature of lab technician. At this time OAAM1, PSSM!, and PSSM-2 are not a required part of the Variant (Genetic) Health Panel Testing for registration.

Can DNA be used to determine what breed a horse is?
No and Yes. DNA can be used to determine if there are breeds other than a Purebred Arabian in the genetic makeup of a horse.

Does every registered Purebred Arabian have a DNA type or blood type on file?
No, horses born before the parentage verification program was initiated would not necessarily be blood or DNA tested unless they produced a foal that had to be parentage verified.

How is the parentage of Purebred Arabians verified?
For parentage verification, DNA is used. For Purebred Arabian foals born today, it is a simple procedure which requires pulling a few hairs (with roots) from the mane or tail and placing the hairs in a kit sent to the owner after a Registration Application has been submitted to the Registry. The hairs are sent to a laboratory for processing to match up the DNA on file for the recorded dam and sire.

What does DNA on file mean?
USAHR does indicate on the Digital Foal Certificate of Registration on DNA being on file. If the horse’s parentage has been verified using DNA, the notation on the horse’s file or certificate will say “Parentage Verified.”

Having a DNA record on file means the specific markers for the horse have been placed on file, much like recording a fingerprint that can be used for future comparisons. DNA on file also indicates the horse’s parentage has not been verified. Because of the progression of the parentage verification program, it is possible for a horse to have had its parentage verified using blood, and that same horse will only have DNA on file. The DNA on file will be used to test any future foals if the horse is used for breeding.

What does qualified by DNA mean?
That designation indicates the DNA for that horse has been tested against the DNA of its sire and dam and the horse qualifies as an offspring of that sire and dam.

Can blood types and DNA types be used interchangeably?
While is it possible to get DNA from blood, blood types and DNA types are very different and cannot be used interchangeably. 

FREEZE BRANDING

What is Freeze Branding?
Freeze branding or cryogenic branding is a branding process that involves the use of liquid nitrogen or dry ice and alcohol to cool a branding iron so that the iron may then be used to alter the hair follicle of the horse to remove the pigmentation or to remove the hair altogether.

Who performs the freeze branding?
The US Arabian Horse Registry recommends freeze branding be done either by the Field Representative of US Arabian Horse Registry or by a licensed technician. Your veterinarian can also do the branding. If an independent contractor is to do the freeze branding contact the Registry office before any branding is done for instructions. Your veterinarian may charge a fee for their services. The veterinarian will also need to verify the horse before them matches the registration certificate. The veterinarian must then send written verification to the Registry office with a photo of the freeze brand.

Where should the freeze brand be placed?
The US Arabian Registry suggests the right side of the neck be used at the bottom of the mane hair line.

How much does it cost to report a freeze brand on a Purebred Arabian?
There is no fee to report a freeze brand to The US Arabian Horse Registry.

How do I arrange for the Field Representative from US Arabian Horse Registry to do freeze branding?
The Field Representative must verify the horse’s identity. The registration certificate or a copy must be made available to the Field Representative.

There is a fee for the Field Representative to perform the freeze branding. Contact the Registry office when you are ready as it is necessary to have one location for several horses. The date for branding may not be immediate, there may be a wait time. Also it may be necessary for you to transport your horses to a stated location. The freeze brand can be administered at any age.

What are the advantages of Freeze Branding a Purebred Arabian?
When used in conjunction with the official markings described on the Certificate of Foal Registration, freeze brands provide a convenient additional layer of confidence when establishing the identity of a Purebred Arabian. Freeze brands may be helpful in establishing identity of Purebred Arabians involved in breeding operations, domestic or international travel, and in the event a horse is lost or stolen.

Will The Arabian Horse Registry provide a horse’s freeze brand if the horse’s name is provided?
No.

Purebred Arabian Microchipping

Do Purebred Arabians in the United States, Canada, and Mexico have to be microchipped?
Microchips are not a requirement of registration for foals.

How large is the microchip and where is it implanted in the horse?
The microchip is about the size of a grain of rice and is implanted in the nuchal ligament in the left side of the animal in the middle third of the neck.

What is the process of obtaining a microchip and implanting it into a Purebred Arabian?
Microchips can be purchased through your veterinarian or supplier.

If the microchip is to be implanted this should be done before or at the same time the DNA hair sample is collected, markings are recorded, and photos are taken. The horse identifier should always scan for a microchip and record the number when identifying a horse.

Before the microchip is implanted, the horse should be properly identified and checked for an existing microchip with a reader. The microchip to be implanted should be checked with a reader to make sure it is active and readable. The microchip should be implanted in the nuchal ligament in the left side of the animal in the middle third of the neck. The veterinarian will prepare the site by clipping and scrubbing the area before implanting the microchip. After the microchip has been implanted, it should be checked again with a reader to verify that it is still readable. Finally, the label from the microchip should be attached to the Registration Application or the information should be recorded to be reported to The US Arabian Horse Registry.

Who implants the microchip?
The US Arabian Horse Registry recommends microchips be implanted by a veterinarian or under the supervision of a veterinarian.

What are the advantages of microchipping a Purebred Arabian?
When used in conjunction with the official markings described on the Certificate of Foal Registration, microchips provide a convenient additional layer of confidence when establishing the identity of a Purebred Arabian. Microchips may be helpful in establishing identity of Purebred Arabians involved in breeding operations, domestic or international travel, and in the event a horse is lost or stolen.

What type of microchip should I implant in my purebred Arabian, and where should I implant the chip?
The International Stud Book Committee (ISBC) has indicated that ISO 11784/11785 compliant microchips are to be inserted on the left side nuchal ligament of Purebred Arabians. Variations from this standard could result in the implant of another microchip.

How do I read the microchip in my Purebred Arabian?
A number of readers are also available from your veterinarian or veterinary supplier. You must ensure the reader you select is ISO 11785 compliant and can detect ISO compliant 11784 134.2 KHz radio frequency identification devices.

Can I acquire a microchip reader from The US Arabian Horse Registry?
No. You may also consult your veterinarian or veterinary supply house to acquire a reader.

Will The US Arabian Horse Registry provide a horse’s microchip number if the horse’s name is provided?
No. A microchip number cannot be retrieved based on a horse’s name.

How much does it cost to report a microchip implanted on a Purebred Arabian?
There is no fee to report a microchip number to The US Arabian Horse Registry. Your veterinarian may charge a fee for their services.

Can microchip numbers be reported to The US Arabian Horse Registry by phone?
No. Microchip numbers can be reported to The Arabian Horse Registry only by the veterinarian.

What if a mistake was made when reporting a microchip number to The US Arabian Horse Registry?
If a mistake was made when reporting a microchip number to The Arabian Horse Registry, the owner should send a written, signed statement to The US Arabian Horse Registry indicating the name of the horse and the incorrect microchip number. For registered foals whose microchip number has been recorded in the markings section of their Digital Certificate of Foal Registration, a written request to correct the certificate must be submitted to The US Arabian Horse Registry.

Are Purebred Arabians microchipped in other countries?
Yes, a number of countries around the world microchip Purebred Arabians.

Once I have implanted the microchip, what other steps are required?
Once the microchip is implanted, your veterinarian must contact US Arabian Horse Registry and report the microchip number either using the online registration or by sending a written statement on the specific horse. Please call the Registry for assistance.

Does The US Arabian Horse Registry record microchip information for my non-purebred Arabian horse?
No.

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